Brief Essay On Secularism In India


India is a secular country. Secularism means that everybody enjoys complete religious freedom. Government will not compel anybody to adopt any particular religion. Religious freedom is our fundamental right and it is written in our constitution. Everybody has the freedom to propagate any religion, to adopt any religion or construct any religious building. The government will give freedom to all religions alike. No particular religion will be taught in school textbooks. India is a country of different religions. Therefore, secularism is the only basis in which different cultures can live and develop peacefully.

Every citizen is free in his religious matters. All religions are treated equally. That is why there is cordial relationship amongst the people having different religion. There is no religious distinction in government’s jobs. In India minority communities enjoy greater religious freedom. Some undesirable elements have come up and have developed in the name of religion. These bad elements affect our general life. They should be checked.

Some fanatics in every religioun cause great miseries to those people who belong to other religion. Those who are ignorant and uneducated, often fall victims to these fanatics. Sometimes the politicians use religions as their tool to arouse the emotions of the people for religious conflicts. They poison the mind of the people for their selfish ends. Communal riots are the examples of their bad shameful deeds. The citizens should not be misled in this way. They should live respecting other religions.

Secularism in india

April 11, 2013

by Ramandeep Kaur

India has many religions and to give freedom of religion to everyone and for equality of religion, India was declared a secular country. The word secular was added into the preamble by the 42th Amendment (1976). As per this there would be equality of all religions in India, along with religious tolerance and respect. As per the written Constitution of India, India is a secular country and we as citizens of India must abide by it. Even the old age philosophy of oneness of religion has been mentioned in Hindu scriptures known as the Upanishads. The Upanishads preach ‘Sarva Dharma Samabhava’ which means respect for all belief systems.

Everything in India revolves around religion and with time religion has flourished with Indian civilization. In Feudal India, where authority lay in the sword, there was almost complete religious tolerance. People from different religions used to live in peace and harmony and there was complete respect for each other’s religion. Few clashes and controversies occured during that time, though later with the coming of the Mughals, people were forced to adopt Islam by autocratic ruler like Aurangzeb.

Secularism became more prominent under the British rule in India. Religion then became an inseparable part of politics and social life. The British government imposed separate laws for Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs and other religious communities. This was the basis of their divide and rule policy. With this a civil code came into existence that was not the same across all religions, but different for each religion.

At the time of Independence, secularism was the main objective of political leaders. All prominent leaders of the Indian National Congress were committed to secularism. But unfortunately, the exact opposite happened, communal violence led to the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947 as separate nations. Pakistan was formed as a new homeland for Muslims who felt insure of living in India, with a Hindu majority. This communal violence also led to the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, who preached secularism and religious tolerance.

After Independence, India became a secular country in which the Indian state did not have any one state religion, but her people were free to follow or adopt any religion.Though gradually, most  political leaders started preaching communal ideology, which led to India becoming a combination of communalism and secularism During the early 80’s communalism became so strong that it began to overshadow the secularism in India. Hence the word “pseudo-secularism” began to be used by different political parties., The 1984 anti-Sikh riots in Delhi, The Babri Masjid\Ram janam bhoomi controversy in 1992, militancy in Kashmir and Punjab are few major examples which prove the superiority of communalism in India versus secularism. Communal forces oppress  minorities  in India and lead to the disintegration of secular policies. Communal and religious clashes are the biggest question on the definition of “secularism” in present day India.

The vested interest of people behind communalism must come to an end for a truly secular India. There should be liberal space and respect for each religion. Great and deep subdivision of religion needs to be addressed and everyone at a personal as well as social level must follow ‘Sarva Dharma Sambhav’ philosophy. Religion is personal and must not interference with politics. To strengthen secularism, whenever there is damage to religious sentiments the government must deal with the perpetrators strictly and the guilty must be punished.

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