Writing A Biographical Essay For College

The essay section of your college application can seem pretty intense, especially after filling in the easy stuff like your name, address, and test scores. Where do you begin? What should it sound like? Who can you ask for help? We asked the experts for some answers.

“Students say, ‘I don’t have anything to write about.’ Well, they do. They just don’t know where to look,” says Estelle Rankin, co-author of the book McGraw Hill’s Writing an Outstanding College Application Essay and an academic consultant for the College Board. She tells the story of one student who was totally convinced she had nothing interesting or worthwhile in her life to write about. But the student had been a dancer since she was three years old, and when she stopped to think about what was most important to her, she came up with this: tap, click, dash! She began her application essay with those words, the sounds of tap dancing, introducing her readers to her experience as a dancer, choreographer, instructor, and volunteer. “Find something small and unique,” Rankin says. “Give us some insight as to what’s important to you,” whether it’s your passion for zombie movies or the way you feel the first day of baseball season. Bottom line? Everybody’s got something!

A good way to start is to read through all the possible application essay questions, then go with the one that jumps out at you first. Focus on that prompt and forget about the others. (Some schools allow you to choose your own topic, but you can still follow these steps to generate ideas.) Try “interviewing” yourself to find the right life experience to pursue, suggests Rankin. Jot down your thoughts, and look for one particular thing or incident that will grab the reader’s attention—that’s your opening.

There are also plenty of suggestions for what not to write about, like why your Mom/Dad/sibling/coach/pastor is important to you. Why? Because certain subjects are commonplace and overused, and you want your application essay to stand out. That being said, if the need to address one of those topics is strong enough, or if you have an extremely unique experience, you should trust your instincts.

“I believe that even a trite or overused genre can have a new life if the student writes the essay from a different angle,” says Erika Jeffers, Senior Admission Counselor at Wesleyan College in Macon, Georgia. “When using that experience in an admissions essay, students should broaden their scope and try to capture a moment that is rarely visible. Make it personal.”

From beginning to end

There is no tried-and-true formula for writing the perfect application essay, but there is one rule that all students should follow in their essays: be true to yourself. “They have to learn to trust themselves as a resource,” says Rankin. “They have the information within them, and they should go with that.” Basically, talk about what you know. If you are naturally funny, infuse some humor into your essay. If a fictional character has had a greater impact on your life than any real person, write about that character. Be genuine, and your personality will shine through the words on the page.

But before admission counselors can get to know you, the essay needs to grab their attention, drawing them into your story. “Find a clever opening,” says Rankin. “Make the reader want to meet you.” Some of her suggestions include dropping readers into the middle of a dialogue, quoting a favorite song, or issuing a bold statement. However, all of these openings hinge on your ability to relate them to the topic. “Focus on something important, something that gave you insight,” she says, and make sure you stick to it. Take that single idea and fill it out with details, personality, and passion.

You also need to remember that this is not an essay for your English class. It does not need to sound academic; the tone can be conversational or serious or somewhere in between. “Depending on the topic of the essay, it could go either way and either tone is acceptable,” says Jeffers. “Again, it’s about the student remaining true to themselves.” Also unlike academic essays, you do not necessarily need to provide a fully formed conclusion. Instead, end the essay with a strong closing statement. It can be ironic, humorous, or poignant—it just needs to lead back to the topic.

Finally, make sure you truly understand the application essay prompt. Read (and reread) it carefully. Why? Because you need to understand the question to answer it correctly! This may sound obvious, but many students write eloquent application essays that completely miss the mark, bypassing what the prompt was actually asking. For instance, “write about someone who has influenced you” does not mean you are to write that person’s biography. The essay is still about you.

Things to avoid

Not surprisingly, mistakes anywhere on your application hurt your chances of getting in. But they can be avoided by proofreading every page, particularly the essay. Rest assured, you’re going to make mistakes in your essay, but that’s what first, second, and third drafts are for. “Sometimes I don’t think students even take the time to go back and reread their writing,” says Ellen Furnari, Admission Counselor at Wells College in Aurora, New York. “Nothing kills a mood like reading a good essay and finding a horrible spelling mistake or a misplaced comma!”

Common errors include simple grammar mistakes, like the misuse of homonyms, as well as a lack of attention to detail. For example, if you’re going to send the same essay to multiple schools, edit to make sure any reference to College X doesn’t appear in the copy you send to University Y. “I have come across several admission essays which state the reasons why that student thinks they will be a great fit for another college,” says Jeffers.

Also, avoid using a thesaurus to fill your application essay with big, “smart-sounding” words. It’s easy to misuse those words, and that’s an immediate red flag to admission counselors. They also know when they’re reading an essay that has been written by someone else, like your parents or English teacher. However, it is okay to have your parents, teachers, or guidance counselor edit your essay. In fact, you should ask them, your siblings, your friends—anyone who knows you well—to read it before you send in the final copy. “The more eyes that see the essay the better,” says Jeffers. But, before passing it on to a trusted proofreader, read the essay aloud; it’s often easier to hear awkward phrasing than see it.

“Your essay should be a chance to let your writing skills shine,” says Furnari, so don’t waste the opportunity! Just remember that even the most ordinary topic can be approached in an extraordinary way. She recalls an application essay that described the student’s love of physics through his love of sledding as a child. Simple and sincere, it was the perfect window into that student’s life. “Ultimately, it’s not what you write about—it’s how you write it that’s important.”

What not to write

Think twice before using any of the following topics, say these experts. They are overused, and your essay may become lost in the crowd. Remember to write about something that is unique to you and no one else.

  • The Dictionary Essay  This essay opens with a word, followed by the applicant describing the word’s significance, and it always sounds contrived.
  • Parents  Writing about how admirable your parents are is hard to do without sounding generic.
  • Sports  Admission counselors have read every sport disaster and/or victory story out there. They also know you loved your coach.
  • The Recipe  “Two cups enthusiasm, one teaspoon determination, and a dash of dreams make the perfect student.” This is also the recipe for a boring essay.
  • Controversies  The death penalty, war, politics, etc.: people will always disagree about these things; plus, it’s easy to sound intolerant when discussing them.
  • Tragedies  Whether about personal or social tragedies, these essays make it hard for admission counselors to be objective, and they actually tend to reveal very little about the applicant.
  • The Big Question  In this essay, students attempt to answer a broad, profound, but ultimately impossible question, like “what is the meaning of life?”
  • Shameless Groveling  Don’t use your essay to applaud the school you’re applying to, which includes criticizing other colleges to make a comparison.

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How to Write an Interesting Biography for College

A biography carries with it the essentials of any good story. There can be drama, conflict, love, hate, and adventure. All of the things necessary to tell a compelling story can be found in people’s lives and the events that happen around them. However, your paper won’t earn you the best grade if you simply state the facts. If you’re struggling to write an interesting and informative biography, here are five suggestions to help write a solid paper.

1. Choose an interesting subject.

If you’re writing a biography for college, you probably have the option of choosing your subject. Is your subject a person that the reader may know, such as an actor, politician, or other public figure, or someone closer to home, like a relative or friend? If the reader doesn’t know the person, ask yourself if there is something compelling about the subject’s life that is of particular interest that you can expand upon. If not, choose another person as the subject for your paper.

2. Interview or research your subject.

If you pick a person that is alive and approachable, see if you can gain access to interview them. However, if your subject is dead or is not available to for interview, you will have to get the necessary information by performing research. Gather the basic facts, such as date and place of birth, education, family, achievements, and place and date of death, if applicable. Also, find out about any major events that took place in the time of your subject and use them as backdrops to more fully draw out the character of your subject. Look for any possible impact that your subject had on society and any historical significance. Make sure that when you reference other materials in a biography for college, you use the proper citation style.

3. Begin your biography in an interesting way.

Facts by themselves are often dry and boring. Just because you’re writing a biography for college doesn’t mean you should just state the facts. Instead, weave them into a narrative story or put them in other interesting ways. Most people connect with a biography first and foremost on an emotional level. Remember, your opening is what captures the reader’s attention and sets the tone for your paper. You may choose to include a little known fact or a fascinating event at the beginning. If you do, make sure it is relevant and that it leads into the body of your biography.

4. Select the proper tone.

Before you begin to write, think about your subject’s life. Is it a tale of tragedy or triumph? Was your subject’s life inspirational or gritty and dark? You want to create an image in your reader’s mind that matches the prevailing mood of their life. Use a tone that matches this appropriately.

5. Break down the components of your subject’s life.

Break down your subject’s life story into three or four parts or time periods. Once you’ve done this, you can find what could include other interesting sub plots in the story. Look for a certain arc in the story. You could even select just a part of the subject’s life if that is a defining moment in their evolution. For instance, if your subject was a professional athlete or was involved in a dangerous mission during a war, you may want to write just about that time in their life.

When you refer to works by other authors in your biography, it’s important that you cite them accurately so your reader can validate the references. The citation style will vary based upon the writing format given to you by your college professor, whether APA, MLA, or another. Your cited references will add credibility and relevance to the story. If you are unsure of the proper format for your citation style, you can use formatting software for accuracy.

David Plaut

David Plaut is the founder of Reference Point Software (RPS). RPS offers a complete suite of easy-to-use formatting template products featuring MLA and APA style templates, freeing up time to focus on substance while ensuring formatting accuracy. For more information, log onto http://www.referencepointsoftware.com/ or write to:
info @ referencepointsoftware.com

Reference Point Software is not associated with, endorsed by, or affiliated with the American Psychological Association (APA) or with the Modern Language Association (MLA).

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