Puthiyathor Ulagam Seivom Essay Outline

1. Mannargudi – Mannargudi is a town in Tiruvarur district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the headquarters of the Mannargudi taluk, the town is located at a distance of 20 km from the district headquarters Tiruvarur and 310 km from the state capital Chennai. Mannargudi is known for the Rajagopalaswamy temple, a prominent Vaishnavite shrine, Mannargudi was founded as an agraharam village by the Medieval Cholas during the 11th century. The town was ruled by various dynasties including the Vijayanagar Empire, Delhi Sultanate, Thanjavur Nayaks, Thanjavur Marathas. Mannargudi was a part of the erstwhile Tanjore district until Indias independence in 1947 and Thanjavur district until 1991, the town is known for agriculture, metal working and weaving. The region around Mannargudi has considerable mineral deposits, Mannargudi is administered by a municipality established in 1866. As of 2011, the municipality covered an area of 11.55 km2 and had a population of 66,999, roadways are the major mode of transportation to the town and it also has rail connectivity. The nearest seaport, Nagapattinam Port, is located 52 km from Mannargudi, while the nearest airport, the word Mannargudi is derived from the Tamil word Mannar referring to Vishnu and gudi referring to a place, meaning the Place of Vishnu. The town was also called Mannarkovil or Rajamannarkoil after the Rajagopalaswamy temple, the town is locally referred as Mannai. Hindus refer the place as Dakshina Dwarka, meaning Southern Dwarka, the town was known during the period of Nayaks for the 25 ft tall compound wall around the Rajagopalaswamy temple, leading to the adage Mannargudi Mathil Azhagu. The town is also called Koil mattrum Madil Nagaram referring to the wall around the temple. The Rajagopalaswami temple is believed to have constructed by Kulothunga Chola I, with bricks and mortar. The town started to grow around the temple, successive kings of the Chola empire, Rajaraja Chola III and Rajendra Chola III, and Thanjavur Nayak king Achyuta Deva Raya expanded the temple. The temple contains inscriptions of the Hoysala kings and information about grants by Vijayanagara kings, a fort was constructed under the rule of the Hoysala kings, and Hindu temples were built under the leadership of both Hoysala and Pandya rulers. Mannargudi was conquered by the Delhi Sultanate in 1311 CE, following brief occupations by the Madurai Sultanate and the Hoysalas, it became a part of the Vijayanagar Empire. After the decline of Vijayanagar Empire, Mannargudi was ruled by the Thanjavur Nayaks, the Thanjavur Nayaks made the temple as their dynastic and primary shrine and made significant additions. The current temple structure, hall of pillars, main gopuram. Raghunathabhyudayam, a doctrine by Nayaks explains the donation of an armour studded with stones to the main deity of the temple by the king

2. Thiruvarur – Thiruvarur also spelt as Tiruvarur is a town and municipality in Tiruvarur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the headquarters of Tiruvarur district and Tiruvarur taluk. The town was one of the five capitals of the Chola empire, with one of the emperors of the dynasty, Kulothunga Chola I. The town is believed to be of significant antiquity and has ruled, at different times, by the Medieval Cholas, Later Cholas, Later Pandyas, Vijayanagar Empire, Marathas. The town is known for the Thyagaraja temple, and the chariot festival held in the month of April. The temple chariot of the Thyagaraja temple, weighing 300 tonnes, Thiruvarur is the birthplace of Tyagaraja, Muthuswami Dikshitar and Syama Sastri, popularly known as the Trinity of Carnatic music of the 18th century CE. Thiruvarur was a part of Thanjavur district till 1991 and Nagapattinam district until 1997, the Odambokki river passes through the centre of the town. Thiruvarur covers an area of 10.47 km2 and had a population of 58,301 as of 2011 and it is administered by a first grade municipality. The town is a part of the Cauvery delta region and agriculture is the major occupation, roadways are the major means of transportation with a total of 94.06 km of district roads including three national highways passing through the town. The historic name of the town was Aaroor and it mention in the 7th century saiva canonical work. The term Thiru is added to all cities that are mostly revered by the verses of Tevaram. During the British Raj, the town was termed Tiruvalur, Tiruvaloor, as per the district and municipality websites, the district has the spelling Tiruvarur, while the town has it as Thiruvarur. As per folk legend, Thiruvarur is mentioned as the town of a legendary Chola king, Manu Needhi Cholan. His name is used as a metaphor for fairness and justice in Tamil literature. Thiruvarur was one of the five capitals of the Chola empire. Tirunavukkarasar mentions several traditions of the temple like Marghazhi Aathirai Vizha, Panguni Uttirai Perunaal, the granite structure of the temple was first constructed by Aditya Chola I in the 9th century CE and revamped during the reign of Rajaraja Chola I. The temple was upgraded and rebuilt with stone by Rajendra Chola I, the temple has inscriptions from both the emperors, later Cholas and Pandyas. The temple is believed to be an inspiration for Rajaraja Chola to build the Brihadeeswarar Temple, inscriptions from the temple indicate Thiruvarur as the capital of Kulothunga Chola I, during which the town emerged a centre of saivism

3. Actor – An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. Simplistically speaking, the person denominated actor or actress is someone beautiful who plays important characters, the actor performs in the flesh in the traditional medium of the theatre, or in modern mediums such as film, radio, and television. The analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής, literally one who answers, the actors interpretation of their role pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs even when the actor is playing themselves, as in forms of experimental performance art, or, more commonly, to act, is to create. Formerly, in societies, only men could become actors. When used for the stage, women played the roles of prepubescent boys. The etymology is a derivation from actor with ess added. However, when referring to more than one performer, of both sexes, actor is preferred as a term for male performers. Actor is also used before the name of a performer as a gender-specific term. Within the profession, the re-adoption of the term dates to the 1950–1960s. As Whoopi Goldberg put it in an interview with the paper, Im an actor – I can play anything. The U. K. performers union Equity has no policy on the use of actor or actress, an Equity spokesperson said that the union does not believe that there is a consensus on the matter and stated that the. subject divides the profession. In 2009, the Los Angeles Times stated that Actress remains the term used in major acting awards given to female recipients. However, player remains in use in the theatre, often incorporated into the name of a group or company, such as the American Players. Also, actors in improvisational theatre may be referred to as players, prior to Thespis act, Grecian stories were only expressed in song, dance, and in third person narrative. In honor of Thespis, actors are commonly called Thespians, the exclusively male actors in the theatre of ancient Greece performed in three types of drama, tragedy, comedy, and the satyr play. Western theatre developed and expanded considerably under the Romans, as the Western Roman Empire fell into decay through the 4th and 5th centuries, the seat of Roman power shifted to Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire. Records show that mime, pantomime, scenes or recitations from tragedies and comedies, dances, from the 5th century, Western Europe was plunged into a period of general disorder

4. S. P. Balasubrahmanyam – Sripathi Panditaradhyula Balasubrahmanyam pronunciation, born 4 June 1946, is an Indian film playback singer, actor, music director, voice actor and film producer. He is mostly referred to as S. P. B. or Balu and he has won the Guinness World Record for recording the highest number of songs. He has garnered six National Film Awards for Best Male Playback Singer, in 2012, He received the Andhra Pradesh state NTR National Award for his contributions to Indian cinema. He has recorded over 40,000 songs in various Indian languages and he has won National Film Awards across four languages, as well as a Bollywood Filmfare Award, five Filmfare Awards South, and numerous state awards from Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. He is a recipient of awards such as Padmashri and Padma Bhushan from the government of India. In 2016, he was honored with the inaugural Centenary Award for Indian Film Personality of the year at the 47th International Film Festival of India, Balasubrahmanyam was born in a Telugu Family to S. P. Sambamurthy in Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Balasubrahmanyams father was a Harikatha artiste who had acted in plays. He has two brothers and five sisters, including singer S. P. Sailaja, Balasubrahmanyam developed an interest towards music at an early age, studied notations and learned to play instruments such as the harmonium and flute on his own while listening to his father. He enrolled at JNTU College of Engineering Anantapur with the intention of becoming an engineer and he discontinued his studies early due to typhoid and joined as an Associate Member of the Institution of Engineers, Chennai. He continued to pursue music during his studies and won awards at singing competitions. In 1964, he won the first prize in a competition for amateur singers organised by the Madras-based Telugu Cultural Organisation. He was the leader of a music troupe composed of Anirutta, Ilaiyaraaja, Baskar. He was selected as the best singer in a competition which was judged by S. P. Kodandapani. Often visiting music composers seeking opportunities, his first audition song was Nilave Ennidam Nerungadhe and it was rendered by veteran playback singer P. B. Srinivas, who used to write and give him multi-lingual verses in Telugu, Tamil, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Sanskrit, English, balasubramanyam is married to Savitri and has two children, a daughter Pallavi, and a son S. P. B. Charan, also a singer and film producer. Balasubrahmanyam made his debut as a singer on 15 December 1966 with Sri Sri Sri Maryada Ramanna. The first Non-Telugu song that he recorded just eight days after his debut Telugu song was in Kannada in 1966 for the film Nakkare Ade Swarga starring Kannada comedy stalwart T. R. Narasimharaju

5. Chennai – Chennai /ˈtʃɛnnaɪ/, formerly known as Madras /məˈdrɑːs/ or /-ˈdræs/) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal, it is one of the biggest cultural, economic, according to the 2011 Indian census, it is the sixth-largest city and fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in India. The city together with the adjoining regions constitute the Chennai Metropolitan Area, Chennai is among the most visited Indian cities by foreign tourists. It was ranked 43rd most visited city in the world for year 2015, the Quality of Living Survey rated Chennai as the safest city in India. Chennai attracts 45 percent of tourists visiting India, and 30 to 40 percent of domestic health tourists. As such, it is termed Indias health capital, as a growing metropolitan city in a developing country, Chennai confronts substantial pollution and other logistical and socio-economic problems. Chennai has the third-largest expatriate population in India at 35,000 in 2009,82,790 in 2011, tourism guide publisher Lonely Planet named Chennai as one of the top ten cities in the world to visit in 2015. Chennai is ranked as a city in the Global Cities Index and was ranked the best city in India by India Today in the 2014 annual Indian city survey. In 2015 Chennai was named the hottest city by the BBC, National Geographic ranked Chennais food as second best in the world, it was the only Indian city to feature in the list. Chennai was also named the ninth-best cosmopolitan city in the world by Lonely Planet, the Chennai Metropolitan Area is one of the largest city economies of India. Chennai is nicknamed The Detroit of India, with more than one-third of Indias automobile industry being based in the city, in January 2015, it was ranked third in terms of per capita GDP. Chennai has been selected as one of the 100 Indian cities to be developed as a city under PM Narendra Modis flagship Smart Cities Mission. The name Madras originated even before the British presence was established in India, the name Madras is said to have originated from a Portuguese phrase mae de Deus which means mother of god, due to Portuguese influence on the port city. According to some sources, Madras was derived from Madraspattinam, a north of Fort St George. However, it is whether the name was in use before the arrival of Europeans. The British military mapmakers believed Madras was originally Mundir-raj or Mundiraj, Madras might have also been derived from the word Madhuras meaning juice of honey or sugarcane in Sanskrit. The nativity of name Chennai, being of Telugu origin is clearly proved by the historians. The first official use of the name Chennai is said to be in a deed, dated 8 August 1639

6. Super Singer Junior – Airtel Super Singer Junior – Thamizhagathin Chellakuralukkana Thedal – is a reality show hosted by Vijay TV, a popular Tamil channel of the Star Network, and sponsored by Bharti Airtel. It is a talent hunt for the children of age group 6–14. This is the version of the Airtel Super Singer show. Auditions are held in parts of Tamil Nadu, India. The show attracts many kids from all over the state and rigorous multi-level selection procedures are done in order to select the contestants for the competition, the first season of the show premiered in 2007 and was hosted by Chinmayi. Of the many kids who auditioned for the show,25 were selected to go on to the stage show, the judges at the studio were K. S. Chithra and Usha Uthup. Krishnamoorthy emerged the winner after a hard fought finals with an equally brilliant Vignesh, the other finalists were Saicharan and Aparna who also gave a very tough competition. After the shows conclusion, finalist Saicharan and semi-finalist Madhumitha Shankar went onto compete in seasons 3 and 4 of the version of the show. Saicharan was subsequently crowned winner of season 3 of Airtel Super Singer and chosen by music directors A. R. Rahman and D. Imman to sing in the films Godfather, Manam Kothi Paravai, and Saattai. The first episode of the season premiered on 15 July 2009, children from the age of 6 years to the age of 14 years were permitted to audition to showcase their talent on Vijay TVs platform. Ananth Vaidyanathan returned as a trainer, and playback singer K. S. Chithra returned as a permanent judge of the show. Playback singers Mano, and Malgudi Subha also joined the show as permanent judges to replace Usha Uthup who quit the show, a number of eminent playback singers and music directors appeared during the season as guest judges, including P. B. Grand finalist Nithyashree, semi-finalist Srinisha, and semi-finalist Priyanka were introduced as playback singers in the 2011 Tamil language film, runner-up Shravan R. Pratap was introduced as a playback singer in the 2011 Tamil language film, Paasakaara Nanbargal. These four individualsalso regularly performed throughout Vijay TVs Super Singer series, Nithyashree was later crowned runner-up in Indian Idol Junior, a reality TV singing competition that is being broadcast on the Hindi language Indian TV channel, Sony TV. The first episode of the season premiered on 17 October 2011, children from the age of 6 years to the age of 14 years were permitted to audition to showcase their talent. Auditions took place in Chennai, Coimbatore, and Trichy, auditions for season 3 were judged by prominent playback singers and vocalists, including Nithyasree Mahadevan, S. P. Sailaja, Manikka Vinayagam, Pushpavanam Kuppuswamy, S. Sowmya, and Mahathi. All audition rounds were hosted by actresses Kalyani and Ramya, the main competition performance rounds were hosted by Makapa Anand, Kalyani, and Bhavana. Playback singers K. S. Chithra, Mano and Malgudi Subha returned as permanent judges, a. R. Rahman was the special guest here among all the usual judges

7. Pannaiyarum Padminiyum – Pannaiyarum Padminiyum is a 2014 Indian Tamil comedy-drama film based on the same-titled short film directed by debutant S. U. Arun Kumar of Naalaya Iyakunar fame and it features Vijay Sethupathi and Jayaprakash in the lead roles, with Thulasi, Aishwarya Rajesh and Bala Saravanan in supporting roles. Sneha and Attakathi Dinesh appear in brief guest roles, music for the film was composed by debutant Justin Prabhakaran and editing by A. Sreekar Prasad while the cinematography is by Gokul Binoy. The film revolves around an old man and his love for his vintage car Premier Padmini, the film began production in January 2013 and released on 7 February 2014 to critical acclaim and positive reviews. The movie begins with a man buying a car and he says that his inspiration is from a Pannaiyar in his village. Pannaiyar is a wealthy and respectable man in his village, Pannaiyar and his wife Chellamma are kindhearted and broadminded people who are responsible for introducing essential modern technology like Television, Radio, telephone, etc. to their villagers. The villagers also enjoy the liberty of using all these items with his permission. The couple have a married daughter Suja, who is greedy and whenever she visits her parents, Pannaiyar visits his close friend Shanmugam, who owns the then latest Fiat PAL Premier Padmini car. Pannaiyar is smitten by the beauty of the car and becomes an ardent admirer and he enjoys the ride like an excited kid. Pannaiyar happily agrees and from then on, he stands in front of car dusting it, since he doesnt know to drive, he appoints a local young man Murugesan as driver and the comical household servant Peedai as the cleaner. Pannaiyar and Chellamma treat them like their own sons, like all the other facilities belonging to Pannaiyar, the villagers also get the opportunities to use the car for their emergency purposes. On one such day, when Murugesan is helping a family at a funeral and he is attracted to her instantly and after a bit of pursuing, she also falls for him and they start to love each other. As days pass by, Panniyar, Chellamma and Murugesan become more and more attached to the car and are dreading to part with it if at all Shanmugam comes to take it someday, so Pannaiyar is determined to learn driving and asks Murugesan to train him. Murugesan fears that he will have no job with the car if Pannaiyar starts driving, so he delays, so Pannaiyars driving progress is very slow. One night, Chellamma requests her husband to learn driving before their wedding anniversary so that they can go to the temple together and he obliges. Meanwhile, Shanmugams daughter unexpectedly visits them and says that her dad suddenly died, Pannaiyar is shocked to hear about the loss of his friend, at the same time he feels sad to part with the car. But when he is about to hand over the keys and documents, she says that let the car remain with him as a remembrance of her dad, Pannaiyar, Chellamma and Murugesan are overjoyed to hear this and gift her with money as a blessing. One small accident happens while training and due to rough handling and she says that she and her husband just missed death by inches in an accident because the car suddenly stopped and scolds her father for giving a useless old car

The 69th Republic Day was celebrated with pomp and fervour on the Marina Beach front here on Friday.

The celebrations commenced with Governor Banwarilal Purohit hoisting the national tricolour near the Gandhi statue, who took the salute from contingents that smartly marched down the Kamarajar Salai.

Song and dance

After the unfurling of the national flag and singing of the national anthem, the Governor took the salute from the contingents of the Armed forces, paramilitary personnel, State police personnel and the bands from various schools that enthralled the audience gathered along the road to watch the grand parade led by Parade Commander Wing Commander V. Fauzdar.

Then, it was time for the cultural events, when colourfully-dressed children from various schools and colleges danced to the tune of ‘Puthiyathor Ulagam Seivom’ penned by celebrated Tamil poet Bharathidasan. Artists from Thanjavur-based South Zone Cultural Centre and DIPR staged Siddhi Dhamal, Bangra, Dollu Kunitha and Karagattam dances captured the attention of the audience.

Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami, Deputy Chief Minister O. Panneerselvam, Chief Justice of Madras High Court Indira Banerjee, Speaker P. Dhanapal, Deputy Speaker Pollachi V. Jayaraman, Chief Secretary Girija Vaidyanathan and Advocate General Vijay Narayan and MLAs and MPs accompanied the Governor.

A rally of floats by various government departments explaining their role and highlighting various government schemes engaged the audience. Most of the floats displayed the images of former Chief Minister Jayalalithaa and Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami. One of them had the image of Deputy Chief Minister O. Panneerselvam.

Lieutenant General R.K. Anand, General Officer Commanding, Dakshin Bharat Area; Rear Admiral Alok Bhatnagar, Flag Officer Commanding, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry Naval Area; Air Commodore Man Singh Awana, Air Officer Commanding, Tambaram Air Force Station; Inspector General Rajan Bargotra, Regional Commander, Coast Guard’s Eastern Region; DGP T.K. Rajendran; Chennai Police Commissioner A.K. Viswanathan, senior IAS and IPS officers, members of the consular corps were present.

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